суббота, 16 ноября 2013 г.

ГИА вариант 4


Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)
Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между заго­ловками 1—8 и текстами А — С. Запишите свои ответы в табли­цу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.___________________________________________
1.   Exciting life
2.    Food for thought                                           *
3.   Pros and cons
4.   Unbearable conditions
5.   Early life
6.   The founder of the science of evolution
7.   The call of distant lands
8.    Unfulfilled wish of Charles's father
Charles Robert Darwin
A.   Charles Robert Darwin was born in Shrewsbury on the 12ih of February, 1809. His mother died when he was eight, so he was brought up. by his sister and his father Robert, who was a doctor. Charles later said that he greatly loved his father, but most people found Dr Robert (as he was called) hard to get along with and a bit scary. Dr Robert was so large and so strict that people usually fell silent when he came into the room.
B.   Charles went to school in Shrewsbury, but he hated it! He didn't pay attention in class, he copied from his fellow pupils and he forgot everything he had learned after a day or two. His school was really an awful place. Boys were beaten for not doing their homework or for getting bad marks on tests! There were no toilets or bathrooms in the building, and all the boys had to use chamber pots as toilets. These were kept under their beds even when they were full.
C.    When he was 16, Charles went to Edinburgh University to study medicine. His father wanted him to become a doctor, but Charles didn't like medicine. He found the lectures dull, he hated the operations he had to watch he was sick at the Sight of blood. Charles didn't quite dare tell his father how much he hated medicine, but he got his sister to do it for him. His unhappy father said that he could become a clergyman instead, if he liked.
D.                Once a friend invited him on a scientific expedition on his ship called the Beagle. Charles really wanted to go, but he wasn't sure that his father would approve. And he was quite right. However, his dad said, 'If you can find any man of common sense who advises you to go I'll let you go'. Charles's uncle agreed to help and talked his father into the idea. And so, without any clear idea about what he wanted to do with his life Charles went on a scientific expedition.
E.              It was a 5-year expedition to unknown places. Although Charles wasn't actually a scientist and he was terribly seasick, he had a wonderful time on his voyage. When the Beagle arrived at the Cape Verde Islands, Charles set foot in a tropical forest for the first time. And he was amazed by the huge variety of animals and plants. He started to collect like crazy butterflies, spiders, beetles, shells he loved everything.
F.               In 1935, the Beagle landed at the Galapagos Islands where Charles saw pant tortoises and other interesting creatures. Charles found that each of the islands had its own variety of tortoise and finch. The animals on different islands were a little bit different. It seemed very strange to Charles. According to the accepted view at the time, all animal species were created by God for ever. So God must have designed slightly different animals for each island...
G.                Charles didn't spend all his time thinking about science. In 1837, he started thinking about getting married. After all, he was already 29 years old! Being a good scientist, he made a list of reasons why he should or should not get married. He would have less time to study evolution, but he would have a friend in old age. He would have fewer expeditions, but he would have kids... Looking over the list, he decided that the time had come to get married after all.


Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утвер­ждений А7 — А14 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 —False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated).
(Т.М. Reid)
Maurice Gerald reached the stream and finally fell asleep. But the pain of his wounds, once more returning, woke him. To go away from the spot was simply impossible. Any movement gave him pain. There was no alternative but stay where he was.
Suddenly Maurice heard little feet on the sand and excited breathing. The coyotes! The smell of blood had made them mad. The mustanger knew they would attack him. He had no weapon but a knife. His rifle and guns had been carried off by his horse. He drew the knife and prepared to defend himself.
Four or five wolves attacked the wounded man. Maurice shook them off, striking out with his knife. Some of the coyotes went away, but new ones appeared.
Suddenly the wounded man heard the sound of hoofs, followed by the loud barking of a dog. He called for help. But the horseman didn't hear him. The horse, or horseman passed on, but the dog it was Тага! — broke through the bushes and rushed at the coyotes. It attacked two of the wolves. A third one could be attacked, but the frightened coyotes ran away.,
The man had no strength left. He drew the cloak over his face to cover it from the sun, and then he fell asleep. The dog lay down at his feet.
A few hours later the mustanger woke up. His faithful dog had saved his life, and would still protect, him against the attacks of coyotes. But it couldn't get him from the spot. And to stay there would be to die of hunger and of the wounds.
'But Тага may take a message to the hut,' he said. 'Come here, old fellow! I want you to play postman for me.'
Maurice found a card in his pocket. No pencil! He could do without it.
He broke a thorn off the closest bush and wrote something with the blood of a coyote. Then he tied the card to the neck of the dog and made it go to the hut.
After a while the mustanger was surrounded by the coyotes again.
This time Maurice had a plan. He took off his cloak and cut a few holes with his knife. Then he tore up his scarf in two parts and used them to tie the cloak to a tree, making a hammock. The mustanger climbed into the hammock. He thought there he was no longer in danger.
There was danger, however, which he had not seen. Very soon he realized he hadn't taken with him enough water. He could not return to the stream now. That would be certain death. It was a torture for the wounded man to see the fresh water of the stream and be unable to reach it. Suddenly he saw the coyotes get to their feet and rush off. What made them leave?
The mustanger turned on his knee and looked around. There were no coyotes. He listened. No sounds.
Maurice got out of the hammock and reached the stream. He once more looked around him and felt danger. He noticed the spotted yellow skin among the leaves. It was the jaguar. It was that dangerous animal that had made the coyotes go away. And now its eyes were on the wounded man. It was ready to attack Maurice.
|A7| Maurice didn't remember where he had lost his rifle and guns.
1) True                               2) False                     3) Not stated

А8 1 The coyotes attacked the mustanger when he was sleeping.
 l)True                               2) False                     3) Not stated
A9 [ The dog saved the mustanger from the coyotes.
l)True                                2) False                3) Not stated
A10| Maurice wrote the message in his blood.
l)True                                2) False                     3) Not stated
A11 It wasn't easy to make the dog leave Maurice and go to the hut.
 l)True                               2) False                     3) Not stated
A12| Though water was not far from Maurice he was very thirsty.
 l)True                               2) False                     3) Not stated
A13| It was the jaguar that made the coyotes run away.,
l)True                                2) False                     3) Not stated
A14| The jaguar turned out to be incredibly huge.
l)True                                2) False                     3) Not stated

Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)_____________
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст Преобразуйте слова, на­печатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных но­мерами В4 — В12 так, чтобы они грамматически соответство­вали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными сло­вами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию В4 — В1

B4       One afternoon  I _____outside the Café la Paix,              SIT
B5       _______ the splendor of Parisian life when I                   WATCH
B6       heard somebody call my name/ I turned around
            saw Lord Murchison.
B6       We ______ for ages and I was delighted to come             NOT MEET
           Across again.
B7       We ______hands warmly.                                                   SHAKE
B8       He looked anxious and ________and seemed to                PUZZLE
           Be in doubt about something’
B9     “I believe something interesting _______ now in                  HAPPEN
           Your life, Gerald”, I exclaimed; tell me about it.”
          “Let us go for a drive”, he answered, “it is too
           crowded here .”
B10    “where _______we _____?” I said.                                     GO
           “Oh, anywhere you like!” he answered-to the
           Restaurant in the Bois.
B11     I ______it’s a lovely quiet place”.”All right.                       TELL
           We’ll dine there and you’ll tell me all about
B12  _____________”.                                                                   YOU    

 Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, на­печатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных но­мерами В13 — В18 так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски по­лученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию В13 — В18.

              Equality is, for Americans, one of their most im
              ­portant values. As it is stated in their Declara­tion
B13             of ___      , 'all men are created equal'. 'One                      DEPEND
              person, one vote,' they say, meaning that
B14        any_____- opinion is important. There are even                     PERSON
               laws that protect this 'right' in its various forms.
              When foreign people of high position come to
              the United States they are often
B15         insulted by the way they are treated by      _______            AMERICA
               clerks, waiters, taxi drivers, etc. 'They treat
              me just like anybody else!' they complain. But
                     Americans hate treating people of high position
        B16               a ________________ manner.                                         DIFFER
        B17               A highly-placed ________should be prepared to be        VISIT
                           considered 'just like anybody else' while he is in
                          In America, the words 'sir' and 'madam' are sel­dom
                          used. Managers, directors, presidents and even
                          university professors are often
         B18          addressed by their_____name.                                             ONE

Раздел 4. (задание по письму)
Для ответа на задание С1 используйте отдельный чистый лист При выполнении задания С1 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учиты­ваться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём — не оцениваются.________
C1      You have 30 minutes to do this task.
You have received a letter from your French-speaking pen friend Michel.
... You wrote me once that you had been learhing English for about five years. I've started to learn it recently as a second foreign language. So I think you are more competent in English that I am. Yesterday I came across the following sentence. 'A friend in need is a friend indeed.' Could you explain me the meaning of it? Have you got any problems in English? How often do you study? Write soon,
Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions.
Write 100 — 120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

Задания для экзаменуемого                       
Student card            
Task 1 (2-3 minutes)
Give a 1,5—2 minute talk about the English holidays.
Remember to say:
-          enumerate the main holidays traditionally celebrated in England.
-          choose a holiday and give its characteristic.
-          say if English and Russian holidays have some common features.
You have to talk for 1,5-2 minutes. The examiner will listen until you have finished. Then she/he will ask you some questions.
Student card Task 2 (2-3 minutes)
You and your friend are choosing the date and time to go to the skating rink.
-          Suggest today, 3 o'clock.
-          Refuse Saturday evening and explain why.
-          Suggest another day and ask your friend's opinion.
-          Agree about the place where to meet.
The examiner starts the conversation. The examiner will play the part of your friend.
Remember to:
-          be active and polite
-          make a decision to satisfy both of you

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