среда, 6 ноября 2013 г.

вариант 3

Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)


Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между заго­ловками 1 — 8 и текстами А — G. Запишите свои ответы в табли­цу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.
1.  Period of instability         5. Straggle for the crown
2.   A job for life                    6. Difficult choice
3.   Breaking the tradition      7. Early years of the Queen
4.   Regular Duties                 8. Two Brothers
A.              For more than a thousand years Britain has always had kings or queens except for the ten years between 1649 and 1659. Elizabeth II calls the Windsor family a 'firm'. She thinks of it as a business rather than a family. And the main business of the royal family is... well, probably being royal. And they are paid for it. The Queen is one of the richest women in the world and yet she gets about 8 million pounds a year to be queen. But many people agree that she does her job well and she deserves her salary.
B.  There are hundreds of traditional ceremonies which the Queen has to keep the Queen's Speech at the State Opening of Parliament, 'Maundy money' (the tradition which is almost seven hundred years old) on the Thursday before Easter Sunday, Royal garden parties at Buckingham Palace. Besides, every day the Queen reads official papers from the government and once a week has a meeting with the Prime Minister.
C.   When Elizabeth was bom nobody knew she would be a queen. Her grandfather, King George V, had six children. His eldest son, Edward, was the next in line to be king and Elizabeth's father, Albert, was only second child. Edward lived a good time. He enjoyed women, drank a lot, spent money, liked fashionable clothes. Albert, or Bertie, as his friends called him, was shy, he stammered, and all his life it was difficult for him to make speeches.
D.  As Albert did not expect to become king, he chose the Navy. He married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon and they had two daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret. The family lived in a house on Piccadilly with twenty five bedrooms, a library and a room for dances and parties. The girls had a private teacher, they also studied music, dancing, and art. As a child Elizabeth was nicknames Lilibet because that was the way she pronounced her name.
E.   In 1936 King George died. When his coffin with the crown on the top of it was carried through the streets on a horse-drawn carriage, the crown fell. Many people thought it was a bad sign. Indeed, 1936 became the 'year of three kings'. In January, after his father's death, Edward became king. In December he refused from the throne and his younger brother, Bertie took his place.
F.  Many people think that this is one of the most romantic love stories of our century. Handsome and popular king Edward-was in love with an American woman Wallis Simpson and he wanted to marry her. But Wallis divorced twice! The royal family did not like her, the government was against this marriage, so was the Church. And Edward preferred Wallis to the crown. They got married and lived in Paris for most^ their lives.
G.   Elizabeth was only twenty-five when she became Queen of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Like other kings and queens since 1066, she came to Westminster Abbey for the coronation in the royal carriage with its fine horses. But, unlike other kings before her, she wanted the ceremony to be on television. The church and the government didn't welcome the idea. But Elizabeth won. The whole country watched how the heavy gold crown was placed on the young Queen's head.


Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А7 — А14 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положи- тельного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 Not stated).   

A legend
A very long time ago, before there was no sun or moon or stars, the great god Viracocha created the world. First he made light and from it he created the sun, moon and stars. After this he carved human figures out of stone. Then he breathed life into them. He made animals too and gave them life, but the people Were most special to him. Before leaving them on the shores of Titicaca he told them, 'Never forget me, worship me always.' But they forgot.
Viracocha created other gods to watch over the people. Inti Illapa, the thunder god, sent down rain to make the land rich. Huallallo, the god of fire, and Pariacaca, the god of water, kept the earth warm. But they were always fighting one another, so the land was either too hot or too cold.
Then the great sun god Inti looked down upon the wild people of the earth, who lived in caves and ate roots and berries. He felt sorry for them. He decided to send one of his sons, Ayar Manco, to teach the wild people how to make tools, farm the land and build places to live.
'I have a task foryou,' he said to his son. 'Look at these people, wild people on earth. You must help them build a great city where they can live together and prosper', the sun god said.       ,
Then he gave his son a golden rod (прут). 'Take this with you,' he said. 'When the rod sinks easily into the soil, that's the right place to build their city.'
So Ayar Manco set off, wearing his golden robes and beautiful jewels. When he arrived at Lake Titicaca, the wild people were amazed. They knelt down to worship their new god.
'Follow me,' he told them. 'I'll lead you to a new and better life.' Ayar Manco looked for a good place to build the city for many days. Every day the wild people watched as he tried to push the golden rod into the soil. But he had no success. Ayar Manco was beginning to lose hope. At last he arrived at a beautiful place situated high in the mountains. Here the golden rod sank easily into the rich soil.
So they started building but work was almost impossible because a very strong wind was blowing. Ayar Manco managed to catch the wind in a cave, rolling a very large rock across the entrance.
But soon Ayar Manco's brother arrived and saw that the wind was locked in the cave. He was angry.
'How could you do this to my friend!' he cried and promised to free the wind at sunset.
Ayar Manco knew that it was impossible to finish building the whole city before sunset, so he made another plan. He caught the sub as it passed over the mountains and tied it to a rock so that it couldn't set. Ayar Manco didn't let the sun and wind go until the very last stone was laid in the city.
And that was how Cuzcb, the first city of the Incas, was built. Ayar Manco decided to stay among the people. He changed his name to Manco Capac and became the first ruler of the powerful Incan Empire.
| A7 | According to the legend the great god Viracocha created people out of light.
l)True                                2) False                    3) Not stated
[ A8 I Other gods created by Viracocha could not live in peace.
l)True                                2) False                    3) Not stated
| A9 | Ayar Manco was the youngest of the god's three sons.
l)True                                2) False                    3) Not stated
|A10| At first people did not want to follow Ayar Manco.
l)True                                2) False                    3) Not stated
| А111 It took Ayar Manco much time to find a proper place for building.
 l)True                               2) False              . 3) Not stated
|A12[ A very bad weather was a big problem for building.
l)True                                2) False                    3) Not stated
| A131 Ayar Manco's brother helped him to control natural conditions.
 I ) True                             2) False                    3) Not stated
| A141 Ayar Manco stayed among the people because he fett in love with a woman.
l)True                                2) False ,                  3) Not stated

Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)________________

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, на­печатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных но­мерами В4 — В12 так, чтобы они грамматически соответство­вали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными сло­вами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию В4 — В12.
                             We were in Alabama — Bill Driscoll and me —
                            when this kidnapping idea came to us.
                    B4   It was a crazy idea, but we______it at that time.                              NOT REALIZE
                           There was a town down there, as flat as a cake,
                    B5   And_           ___Summit, of course. The inhabitants                               CALL
                         of the town didn't look dangerous at all. Bill and
                            I had a joint capital of about six hundred dollars,
                            and we needed just two thousand dollars
                 B6    ______          for our little secret plan in Illinois.                                MANY
                           'Summit is a good place for kidnapping,' I said.
                          "Parents love their children in small towns.
                  B7     And there________. no curious journalists.'                          BE

                             We knew that Summit couldn't get after us with
                     B8      Anything_________than policemen and maybe                          STRONG
                              some bloodhounds. So, the idea looked good.
                     B9     We____   for our victim the only child of an im-                     CHOOSE
­                              portant man named Ebenezer Dorset. The kid
                             was a boy of ten with red freckles and red hair.
                              Bill and I decided
                  В10          that Ebenezer Dorset_______ the ransom of two                       PAY

                    thousand dollars for his son.
                    One evening after sundown, we passed by the
                     Dorsets' house with a horse and buggy. 1
     B11        The kid was in the street,            _________stones at a kit­ten.              THROW
                   'Hey, little boy!' said Bill.
       B12      '___ you  a bag of candy and a nice   ride?'                              WANT

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, на­печатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных но­мерами В13 — В18 так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски по­лученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию В13B18

           B13      These days, more and more young people have __________,          FINANCE
           B14     problems. In the UK about one_____of young people aged between THREE
                       18 and 24 say that they have problems with money.
                      University students often have big debts. The reason for this
                       is that it is very expensive to pay for university courses. It can cost
                      about £20,000 to complete a university degree.
          B15       This means that students need to find __________                            PAY
          B16      work ____________, so that they can re-pay the money                    IMMEDIATE
                       that they have borrowed.
                        It is often very easy for young people to borrow  money from banks.
         B17         This is why it has become_____ for many                                          NORM
                       young people to live in debt.
         B18       But it is _______to think that being in debt is nor-                               DANGER
                       mal. If you can't repay the debt, you will soon be in big trouble.
                      As the writer Charles Dickens wrote, people who are always in debt,
                       often have very miser­able lives.

Раздел 4. (задание по письму)

Для ответа на задание С1 используйте отдельный чистый лист. При выполнении задания С1 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на отдельном листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учиты­ваться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём — не оцениваются.,               
| CI |You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Alice.
... I’m so impressed! Last weekend we had a meeting with the famous writer Joanne Rowling. She visited our school and we could ask her questions about her books. I’ve read the last book about Harry Potter recently. У enjoyed it very much!
Have you read any books by J. Rowling? What was the last book you read? Did you like it?
Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions.
Write 100 - 120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.


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