суббота, 26 октября 2013 г.

Вариант 2

Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)
Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между заго­ловками 1 — 8 и текстами А — G. Запишите свои ответы в табли­цу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.
1.  An unusual kind of transport                                            5. Natural disasters
2.   The road above water                                                       6. Striving for the sky
3.   Now this place is quite safe                                              7. An incredible growth
4.   The best place to visit with children                              . 8. A precious find
Welcome to San Francisco
A.  San Francisco was born as a result of the Gold Rush. In 1848 a man named James Wilson Marshall suddenly saw something bright and yellow in a river not far from his house. Looking more carefully he discovered small pieces of gold. Word of this discovery got around, and a few months later, the whole world knew about the hidden gold of California. Very soon thousands of people 'forty-niners', as they were called were on the way to California.
B.  Those forty-niners who went to California by ships passed through San Francisco. Many of them returned to San Francisco with or without gold. By the end of 1849, San Francisco was unrecognizable. Before the Gold Rush it was a settlement of 200 people. By the summer of 1849, there were 5,000, and by 1850 the number had risen to 25,000. Eight years later it was a city of 50,000!
C.  In 1906, there was a terrible earthquake in San Francisco. It destroyed about 5,000 buildings immediately. Most of the other buildings in the city burnt down in the great fire that followed it. Many people died or lost their homes. It took 9 years to rebuild the city. There was another big earthquake in San Francisco in 1989 and everyone knows that one day, perhaps very soon, there will be another. But people continue living in San Francisco because life there is fun.
D.  San Francisco is a city of hills Nob Hill, Russian Hill, Pacific Heights, Telegraph Hill... In fact, San Francisco has 43 hills! So if you live in San Francisco, you have plenty of exercise! The views from the hills are very beautiful. One of the best places to see nearly all of the city is from the top of Twin Peaks, the city's second and third highest hills. Another great place to see the city is from Coit Tower on Telegraph Hill.
E.  San Francisco is famous for its cable cars. The first car climbed up Nob Hill in 1843. It was driven by Andrew Hallidie, an engineer from Britain who built it. Soon there were more and more cable cars in San Francisco. Cable cars run along three different routes every ten minutes. They begin working at 6 o'clock in the morning and continue until 12 : 30 night. There is an interesting Cable Car Museum at 120 Mason Street.
F.  The symbol of San Francisco is the famous Golden Gate Bridge. You can see it in many photos, posters and postcards of the city. This beautiful orange suspension bridge is 1280 metres long and is one of the longest bridges in the world. 100,000 cars travel across it every day. You can cross the bridge by car or by bike. Many people want to walk across the Golden Gate Bridge. Indeed, this is a wonderful experience. You can see the Pacific Ocean on one side and the San Francisco Bay on the other.
G. If you are on the Golden Gate Bridge and it isn't foggy, you can enjoy a great view of the city skyline and also see Alcatraz, a famous American prison. Until 1963, the island of Alcatraz was a maximum-security prison, holding famous crime bosses such as A1 Capone. Prisoners once named the Alcatraz's corridors after famous American streets (New York's Broadway or Park Avenue, Los Angeles' Sunset Boulevard, etc.). Now it's a museum. About 1.5 million tourists visit it each year. You can see real cells (luckily, without dangerous criminals).

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утвер­ждений А7 — А14 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положи- тельного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). 

Walter Disney was born on the 5th of December, 1901, in Chicago. At that time Chicago was a very dangerous place to live in, and the family moved to the country where they bought a small farm.
Living on the farm was the happiest time in Walt's life and it greatly influenced his interests. He loved animals and could spend hours watching their habits. He even brought up a piglet. His name was Skinny and he followed Walt wherever he went.
At that time he started drawing. His parents often bought him albums for drawing and colour pencils. But one of Disney's first pictures was made in coal on a white wall of their recently painted house when his parents were away.
When Walt was 10 years old, the Disneys moved to Kansas City. Walt and his brother Roy helped their father in his new business. They had to get up at half past three in the morning to deliver morning newspapers and not to be late for school. Soon nineteen-year-old Roy got tired of it and decided to live and work on his uncle's farm. So Walt had to deliver the newspapers himself. On Saturday mornings he took classes at the Kansas City Art Institute.
Walt wanted to become an artist, but after the USA joined World War I in April 1917, he volunteered as a Red Cross ambulance driver in France. He was seventeen when he returned home and got a job in an art studio in Kansas City. Later Disney made animated commercials at tbe Kansas City Advertising Company. He was so successful that he decided to found his own cartoon company.
With the help of a few young animators Disney made several six-minute films showing famous fairy-tales Cinderella, Little Red Riding-Hood and some others. The twenty-year-old president of the new company thought these films would be a success and he would make a fortune. But the cartoons were not profitable, and soon Walt went bankrupt.
And still Disney was not going to give up. He decided to try his luck in Hollywood, and in 1923, with forty dollars in his pockets, Walt went to Los Angeles. That year Walt and his brother Roy founded their own cartoon company in Hollywood and made a series of cartoons called Alice in Cartoon- land. These cartoons combined a 'live' Alice with cartoon characters.
As they didn't have enough money to pay the assistants, Walt had to do everything he was a playwright, a director, an animator.
Alice in Cartoonland was very successful and Walt decided to move on. He invented a hero for his new series a rabbit. Everybody liked Rabbit Oswald and Disney went to New York to make new plans. But a small line in the contract with Walt's New York distributor ruined everything. It turned out that the owner of Oswald was the distributor and he did not let Walter make any more cartoons with Oswald!
Disney was thinking about a new hero that would be better than Rabbit Oswald. When Walt was a boy he had a mouse called Mortimer, and Walt used to give him pieces of cheese. 'A
mouse as a new cartoon hero seems a good idea', thought Disney. This is how Mickey Mouse was born.
(Speak Out)
A7 Disney's family moved to the country because Chicago wasn't a safe place to live in.
1) True                               2) False                    3) Not stated
A8 | Living on the farm Walt spent much time reading books about animals.
 l)True         2) False           3) Not stated
А9 When Walt drew a picture with coal on the wall, his parents got angry with him.       
l)True                                 2) False                     3jW stated
A10 Walt had to get up very early in the morning to help his uncle on the
1) True                               2) False                     3) Not stated
[All | World War I did not touch upon Walt Disney's life.
l)True                                 2) False                     3) Not stated
|A12| Disney's first cartoons didn't make him a fortune.
l)True                                 2) False                     3) Not stated
|А13| At the beginning of his career Disney could afford to hire neither a playwright nor any other assistants.
l)True                                 2) False                     3) Not stated
A14| When Walt was prohibited to make another cartoons with Rabbit Oswald, he decided to leave New-York.

Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)_

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, на­печатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных но­мерами В4 — В12 так, чтобы они грамматически соответство­вали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными сло­вами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию В4 — В12.
       The next day Betty arrived at the hotel to find
       that Billy had gone on a picnic with Dolores and            
       her friends. 'It's quite all right, Mrs. Black,' she said.

B4      'It______ . But I think all the same that                  NOT MATTER
           we'd better call the whole thing off.' She slipped
           from her finger the engagement ring that

В5      Billy __________her.     '                                                  GIVE
B6”   _____ you.______ him back this, Mrs. Black?              GIVE
      And tell him it's all right not to worry...' '
            Betty, dear, don't! He does love you really.
 В7    'It looks like,_____________ it?' said the girl with a       DO
          short laugh. 'No I've got some pride. Tell him
          everything's all right and that I I wish him luck.'

В8       When Billy returned at sunset he _ . by the storm            GREET
           He flushed a little at the sight of his ring.
           'So that's how she feels, is it? Well, probably it's

В9       the       ._____thing.'                                GOOD
B10       'Well, frankly you_________ me yourself not to         BEG
              marry Betty.'

'В11'        That was before I_____ her. Billy—my                        KNOW
B12       dear you're not thinking of  ________ this other MARRY
         'I'd marry like a shot if she'd have me but I'm afraid
         she won't.'
         Cold chills went down Mrs. Black's spine.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, на­печатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных но­мерами В13 — В18 так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски по­лученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию В13 — В18.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, на­печатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных но­мерами В13 — В18 так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски по­лученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию В13 — В18.
B13      You’ve probably heard a lot about dwarf planets
             _______                                                                                   RECENTLY
B14       One of the most ________ of them is Sedna.                            MYSTERY
B15      Sedna was discovered in2003 by _______from Yale                 SCIENTIST
B16     They called it in honour of the Inuit ______ of the                          GOD

           sea, who, according to legend, lived at the bottom of
            the ice-cold Arctic Ocean.
В17     Sedna is the    object from the sun in our so-                                FAR
             lar system. It's further than Pluto! It lives in the so-
            called Oort Cloud, which is filled with comets

В18      and other__________objects.                                                  ICE

Раздел 4. (задание по письму)

Для ответа на задание С1 используйте отдельный чистый лист. При выполнении задания С1 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделаннымJi на отдельном листе. Никакие записи черновика не будут учиты­ваться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём — не оцениваются.        
| С1 | You have 30 minutes to do this task.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Arthur.
... Гт so happy to receive your congratulations on my birthdayt Ifs unbelievable but my dream has come true! My parents have gifted me with an aquarium! Tomorrow Гт going to the zoo shop to buy fish! My sister has promised to help me choose. What pets have you got? What problems do you think I may come across? Any advice would be very useful. What pet would be better for me? Best wishes, Arthur.
Write him a letter and answer his 3 questions.
Write 100 — 120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

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